Wednesday, October 31, 2018

Beer and History night Nov 3rd.

outdoor, community-wide escape room style of Magic on The Danny, (Danforth) Sunday, November 4 from 11am- 5pm

Sunday, November 4th from 11am - 5pm, Magic on The Danny will challenge game-players to complete creative puzzles hidden within the businesses of the Danforth Mosaic Business Improvement Area (BIA).


 

The family-friendly mystery event is the latest initiative from east-end escape-room Looking Glass Adventures, and sponsored by the Danforth Mosaic BIA.

 

Owner of Looking Glass Adventures, Christine Hibbard, worked with local business owners along the Danforth to conjure up the magical storyline for game day. The escape-room style event tasks participants with collecting secret stones to unlock an all-powerful wand, while solving puzzles and interacting with mysterious characters along the way!

“The outdoor, community-wide escape room style of Magic on The Danny will highlight the uniqueness of the area, our businesses, and the kind of community feel we have here. It’s a hands-on experience,” shares Hibbard. “We’re creating puzzles at each location that reflect the business. The challenges are immersive and as players walk around the Danforth, they not only get to enjoy the mystery, but also get to see the neighbourhood in a new light.”
Featuring a range of game-locations from restaurants, to coffee shops, art studios, and retail stores, Magic on the Danny is sure to intrigue players while highlighting the diversity of the neighbourhood.

 

Sunday, November 4 from 11am- 5pm
 

 

https://www.eventbrite.ca/e/myseum-shuttle-discounted-histories-in-mississauga-tickets-51313362649?aff=efbeventtix

Speaker's Night: Samuel de Champlain and Fur Trade in Ontario. Public · Event · by Etobicoke Historical Society



 

Good morning Halloween, a Halloween face painting brought from nature

Tuesday, October 30, 2018

2720 Dundas St West, a giant pink Junction sign, that simply states as a developer we know nothing about the community nor do we care too.

Slate Asset Management which honestly states they are a private equity firm, which values real estate and seeks to redevelop to unlock value in land location, and use.  What that simply means is they develop to bring the highest returns to their investors. A activity that many people approve of and seek. However when that effort moves so aggressively to diminish the character of a community and diminish the value of many other people life investment in the community it is wrong.

Slate Asset’s lab to put a large pink sign at simply the word Junction, is mildly put in bad taste, and even more disturbing ugly and disregards the Junction’s ethics and meaning built up by so many people.

This is a part of this building most Junction person do not want to happen.

 

 

 

 

Vine Park Pumpkin ParadesThurs, November 1, pm - 9 pm Vine Park, 200 Vine Ave


Thurs, November 1, pm - 9 pm Vine Park, 200 Vine Ave
.....pumpkins to Vine Park at dusk on November 1st and add it to the ever-growing, ever-winding path of carved creations. Come and join in on the fun.

A place to see & play with illusions, the new Museum of Illusions in Toronto

Just bought across from the Young Peoples theatre on Front Street there is a rather interesting new attraction being built, It’s a place to see & play with illusions. Inside daily people are working diligently.

Text from there site,

The Museum of Illusions in Toronto brings you a space suitable both for social and entertaining tours into the world of illusions which has delighted all generations. It’s a unique place for new experiences and fun with friends and family. Not only is it a place for children who adore coming, but also a place for parents, couples, grandmothers and grandfathers.

Be brave enough to jump in a illusion created by the Vortex Tunnel! It will drive you crazy and make you believe you’re heavily struggling just to make a step forward through a rotating cylinder – on a surface so stable and flat! See yourself on the ceiling of the room, let yourself free in an Infinity room, resist the laws of gravity and size ratio, and make pictures of yourself in EVERY POSSIBLE POSE!

Enjoy in our collection of holograms, look closer at every optical illusion and observe thoroughly each installation. They are such a brilliant, playful reminder that our assumptions about the world we perceive are often, nothing but a specter of illusions.

The genuine heritage of showpieces will more certainly make your jaw drop!

Amusing and awesome tricks will teach you about vision, perception, the human brain and science so it will be easier to perceive why your eyes see things which your brain cannot understand. Make sure you visit our playroom with intriguing and educational games and puzzles. These brain bashers are definitely great fun but tend to be frustrating as well.

Monday, October 29, 2018

Friday, October 26, 2018

Playa Cabana Cantina Now open again with clean Dinesafe report

Playa Cabana Cantina has been closed since Monday after failing its Public Health inspection. According to the DineSafe report, the restaurant had a total of three infractions, on Oct 25 a inspection passed the restaurant.

Is it ok?

I know it’s wrong to yell fire in a crowed theatre.

But what about 

Yelling food fight in a crowded restaurant?

John B. Aird Gallery, exhibition of artworks exploring human animal interactions in an age of risk.

Digital Animalities

John B. Aird Gallery, exhibition of artworks exploring human animal interactions in an age of risk.

900 Bay Street, The Macdonald Block



Gallery HoursMonday to Friday 10 am to 6 pm. The gallery is closed Saturdays, Sundays and statutory holidays.

 

Exhibit Dates: October 30 to November 23, 2018
Opening Reception: Thursday November 1, 6 to 8 pm
Cinq à Sept: Curatorial Tour: November 8, 5 to 7 p.m.


Curators: Giovanni Aloi and Matthew Brower
Exhibiting Artists: Julie Andreyev and Simon Lysander Overstall, Jonathan Keats,
Gwen MacGregor, Neozoon, Ken Rinaldo, Lou Sheppard, and Donna Szokethat


 

Digital Animalities is a two-venue exhibition of artworks exploring human animal interactions in an age of risk.

Digital technologies have been reshaping human understandings of animals and transforming the possibilities for human-animal relations. Artists have been at the forefront of exploring these challenges, using the languages and forms of artistic practice to stage, explore, and intervene in these emerging situations. These works present a range of approaches to the themes. They offer models for understanding new possibilities provided by new technologies, critiques of implicit tendencies in the workings and organizations of these technologies, and classifications and frameworks for orienting ourselves to these new possibilities.


Loosely organized under two major tendencies presented in the works, Mapping and Rendering, the two venues present complementary experiences of the evolving space of animality in contemporary digital culture.

At the John B. Aird Gallery, the theme of Mapping brings together works by Julie Andreyev and Simon Lysander Overstall, Jonathon Keats, Gwen MacGregor, Neozoon, Ken Rinaldo, Lou Sheppard, and Donna Szoke that suggest how new cartographies organize and orient us.


At the CONTACT Gallery80 Spadina Ave, Suite #205, November 1–December 15, 2018 the theme of Rendering brings together works by Sara Angelucci, Ingrid Bachmann, Maria Fernanda Cardosa, Wally Dion, and Aki Inamota that reveal digital technology’s ability to scan and re-assemble aspects of reality.


Curated by Giovanni Aloi and Matthew Brower, Digital Animalities is part of a SSHRC funded research project entitled “Digital Animalies: Media Representations of Nonhuman Life in the Age of Risk” led by Jody Berland of York University.

 

Thursday, October 25, 2018

Domain name junctionra.ca, Expiry date2018/11/11

 

Domain name junctionra.ca
Domain name status registered
Creation date 2008/11/11
Expiry date 2018/11/11
Updated date 2017/10/27

Canadian Holiday Train Nov 29 in the Junction.

750 Runnymede Road, in  front of CP  Yard office



Nov 29th 2018 8:15 PM 8:30 PM



9:00 Terri Clark, Sierra NoblE and Kelly Prescott

Runnymede Public School Library Air Handler to be replaced

Library Air Handler Replacement At Runnymede PS is out for bid to have a contractor replace same, the board states it want work completed by January 7th 2019.


7  firms have taken the bidding documents.

Tuesday, October 23, 2018

Can you answer these 8 CPR railroad Apprentice machinist management of people and technical maths questions

Chossen at randon are a number of the questions put to the Apprentices.


oh and classes were held in a train car converted to a classroom !


3. A machinist apprentice can turn 20 large bolts in 3-5 of a working day. Another can turn the same number of bolts in 3/4 of a working day. How long will it take the two apprentices working together to tusn out the 20 bolts. (Length of working day is 9 hours.)


7. What would be the pressure on the piston of a 10" brake cylinder of a passenger coach in an emergency stop with a quick action valve, if the cylinder pressure is considered as GO lbs. per sq. in. ?

8. An apprentice planing wedges cuts J" stock wedge. If the surface measures 5J x 9J. what is the weight of cast iron cut from 50 wedges.

9. A 18 ft. tank car has a tank 30" in diameter and 33 ft. long. What is its capacity in gallons.

10. redacted non readable in original document

11. Explain what is meant by the terms mixed fractions, proper, and improper fractions.

Give examples.

12. Substract 8 15-16" from 1 ft. 8 3-32".

13. redacted non readable in original document

14. An iron plate is divided into four sections. The first contains 29 3/4 sq. in., the second. 50 33/4 sq. in., and the third, 41 sq. In. The plate contains 190 9-16 sq. in.


How many sq. inches are there in the fourth section.

15. The foremen of the north and south machine shops are paid 51,200 per annum. The Supt. of the shops offers them an increase in wages of $5 every half year or six months. The foreman of the north machine shop accepts this offer, but the foreman of the south machine shop objects, as he says it is too small, so the Supt. of shops gives him $20 per annum increase.

Our Municipal government is mostly white, from the elected to the hopeful, ugh


When will progressive white men make room for progressive women and people of colour?




Mr Perks did not win an acceptance of his platform with only getting 44.6 percent of the ward votes.

This blog has for long stated Mr Perks would make a better mayor then a member of council, and still believe this. Mr Perks was right however in choosing not to challenge Mr Tory in this 2018 election. The Toronto election ran down the same rails as many other elections in many places have in recent years, - on the individual rather than the body of our city.


Why Mayor,? Mr Perks has a policy wonk brain and temperament, and an excruciatingly deep understanding of municipal politics and how the city runs currently, and has ideals of thought and skill on how the city as a whole should be run. Herein lies the rough, Mr Perks ideas and skills are better suited to transition, and maybe even transforming the city as a whole to a better place to live. He cares deeply about his old ward 14, and probably has better thoughts for the betterment of that old ward than being a councillor allows him to do.


The new area he has gained in the new ward 4 will require learning and research for him to govern this larger and diverse ward. Hope fully he will have the counsel of Ms Doucette for basic issues current in the ward.


More importantly he needs to seek an understanding of the ward from former Ward 13 councillor Mr Bill Saundercook, who has unparalleled knowledge of issues which the old Ward 13 has struggled with for decades, for example the greatly different areas of Swansea and the Junction, each of which require completely different governing skills because of their differing needs. Mr Perks needs that information to represent the newer parts of the ward outside the old ward 14.


So what did Mr Perks win on Oct 22 2018? He won on question, one that needs to answered and an answer that needs to be implemented. The people in the ward have concerns about their community, and his ability to seek out the questions and respond with action that is needed. 44.6 percent surely indicates questioning is at hand in the mind of many people in the ward. Mr Perks needs to change his methods of relating and most importantly partnering with the community.


Humbly, I hope Mr Perks, will address the following,




  1. A) interact with more people in the ward, not just other policy and municipal government fans.

  2. B) lower your reliance on protection you perceive wanting most anyone register as a lobbyist when visiting your office.

  3. C) open an additional community office in the old ward 13, operate it like the one you have currently in Queen St. (But remember the lobbyist thing)

  4. D) Get Sarah Doucette to train you in local community resident access meetings such as she held in libraries.

  5. E) Do not hire Ms Doucette or her past staff for your office , Ms Doucette can do much better working directly in Swansea. As to her staff, better they get wider municipal experience, a few of them have potential, but need more experience. Mr Sandercook’s success was greatly helped by this local junction office manager..

  6. F) Work to fix the Junction, it’s residents association is inactive. It’s people not nearly as community involved as the Junction,Triangle and a Parkdale. It’s business group has many internal disagreements. For eight years the Junction community has achieved little directly related to the area itself. This is not a failure to place on Ms Doucette. The Junction has waring tribes, incredibly difficult to get to work together, Ms Doucette was simply not as seasoned councillor as needed to guide the Junction, in her elected period she achieved much more for Swansea as simpler gentler place with a lot of strong community effort.

  7. G) Provide a way out of misery for the marginalized men and women of Parkdale, forget the staff methods used by the homeless staff at the city, to service the marginalized, they need more flexibility, and more autonomy to work new methods and ideas into the “system”.


 

 

Mr Perks did not win an acceptance of his platform with only getting 44.6 percent of the ward votes.










Virus-free. www.avg.com

Monday, October 22, 2018

Most popular winning candidate for the west local wards, Ana Bailão

Ana Bailão 83.7 percent of Ward votes

Gord Perks 44.6 percent of Ward votes

Frances Nunziata 31.4 percent of Ward votes

Mark Grimes 41.1 percent of Ward votes

graphics cut from thestar.com and arranged and simplified.

 

 

West Toronto CPR yard size increase 1917

The yard at West Toronto is being increased by the addition of tracks to accommodate 500 cars, thus bringing its capacity up to 2,200 cars. The biggest piece of the work is the completion of the subway at Runnymede Road. When the capacity of the yard was last increased, the substructure for a 12-track subway was put in, but the superstructure for 6 tracks only was completed. The super-structure for the additional 6 ti-acks is now being put in. Reinforced concrete is being used, the contractors being Archi-bald & Hilmer, Ltd., Toronto. The grading and track laying, with the exception of that over the subway has been completed by the company's own forces, an iDallasting is being gone on with.

The present extension lies between the locomotive house built in 1913, and the old West Toronto yard.


Nov update,

Extension ofCanadian PacificYards at Lambton and West Toronto.

Considerable progress has been made with the enlarging of the C.P.R. Lamb-ton-West Toronto yards, briefly referred to in Canadian Railway and Marine World last issue. The work consists of lengthening and rearranging the tracks, which will greatly increase the capacity and facilitate the operation of the yards. The tracks will be long enough to hold the longest trains. The present neck at Runnymede Road crossing, which now causes delay and other troubles, will be removed. The Lambton yard, located between Scarlett Road and Runnymede Road, is being divided into two parallel yards, with independent leads at both ends. The yard will be used entirely for receiving and dispatching trains. It will provide for double track movements and for the easiest possible access to and from the locomotive house for incoming and outgo-ing locomotives. The West Toronto yard, located between Runnymede Road and Keele St., is also being divided into two yards, with independent switching tracks at each end. It will be used mostly for sorting cars for the Toronto terminals and may be called the "local yard." The Lambton yard is being lengthened 750 ft. by acquiring extra land and di-verting St. Clair Ave. to the north be-tween Scarlett Road and Jane St. The two switching tracks at the west end of the yard are being extended westward. In order to extend the yard at tlie east end,

it is necessary to widen the present sub-way at Runnymede Road about 80 ft. to the north. This extension is being built in reinforced concrete throughout. The bents consist of reinforced concrete posts and caps, on which are placed concrete slabs, spanning the four openings, two of which are for the roadways and two for the sidewalks. The concrete slabs are being constructed on the ground adjoining the subway, and are placed in position by a portable crane. The slabs, which are 4 ft. 7 in. wide, are being laid with %, in.

spaces. The joints are being filled with grout, and the entire floor will be made waterproof before the tracks are put on. When the present subway was built this extension was contemplated and the two abutments were built long enough for it.

The extension westward of the local yard is achieved by diverting Ethel Ave. to the north for 800 ft. west of Runnymede Road, for which some extra land was bought. A local freight and transfer yard and platform has been built west of Jane St. to take care of the transfer of freight which was formerly done in John St. yard. This improvement has resulted in a considerable saving in time and power. The construction of this transfer yard has necessitated the moving of Lambton station to Scarlett Road, a short distance west. Track scales will be locat-ed at the most convenient points. The work in connection wdth the widen-ing of Runnymede Road subway is being done by Archibald & Holmes, contractors, of Toronto. All the track work is being done by the C.P.R. forces.


 

The lastextension of the yards was fully describ-ed and illustrated in Canadian Railway and Marine World, Nov. 1913,

The Junction has lost one of its last cottage houses, one on McMurray ave.

The Junction which that has a shortage of cottage houses,  has lost one of its most iconic. 51 Mcmurray Avenue until recently on the north east corner of McMurray Ave, and  Vine Ave  was a lovely small cottage building, yes one that been cheated of it’s character by additions over the past 20 years, as the last owners used it as a cash cow rental property.

Underneath all those bad  renovations was a wonderful small house, big enough for a small family or really spacious for a single person or couple.

This house with it’s huge property could have been a reworked to be a beautiful house and site for living, life small in a busy city, Unfortunately no there has been built a 4 unit apartment house.

 

 

Truck for Locomotive Brasses at C.P.R. West Toronto Shops.

Truck for Locomotive Brasses at C.P.R. West Toronto Shops. 1911


The accompanying illustration shows a very convenient shop truck used by A. Dixon, General Foreman, Locomotive Shops, C.P.R., West Toronto, for mov-ing locomotive driving-wheel brasses about in the shop from point to point for the various necessary operations in-cidental to undergoing repairs. Previ-ous to its use, it was necessary to raise them on to an ordinary truck by block and chain, and when removed to the new location, lift them off in a similar manner. By the use of this truck, the neces-sary work is very much reduced. As will be noted, the truck is built on the cantilever principle. At the end op-posite the handle, there are two attached hooks which, when the handle is
raised, may be gripped over the ends of the brass. Depressing the handle clears the brass from the floor ready for mov-ing. The construction of the upright from the wheels is such that its inclin-ation is just sufficient to bring the centre of gravity of the brass directly in line with the wheel centre line. Thus, the brass is in equilibrium, in no way bearing down on the handle, and is therefore very easily moved. One man can operate much more easily than two could by chaining up and raising by block and chain as heretofore. It will be noted that the parts are of very simple design throughout.



Sunday, October 21, 2018

New CPR Lambton yard, detailed info long form article form 1913.


Lambton Yard is a freight marshalling yard for the Canadian Pacific Railway in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and is located to the west of and contiguous with the West Toronto Yard on the Galt Subdivision.




The C.P.R.'s terminal facilities at West Toronto having become overtaxed recently,it was decided, as mentioned in these columns at the time, to build new facilities to the west of those then in use. The site selected is on the north side of the main line to Detroit, near Lambton, just beyond the city limits, which are at Runnymede Road, as shown in the accompanying plan. The terminals extend from Runnymede Road on the east to Chadwick Ave. on the west, which is near the approach of the high level bridge across the Humber River. The site for the terminals is in many ways ideal, as from Runnymede Road westerly for 2,200 ft. there are no highway crossings. Jane St. being the first, this street passing under the narrow western end of the terminal yards in a 30 ft. subway, with double approaches on the St. Clair Ave. end. Scarlett Road, further west, also passes under the line in a 44 ft. subway. At the eastern end of the terminals, the layout has been hampered to a certain degree by the pres-ence of Runnymede Road, which made impossible to make the yards double ended. This street is carried under the tracks at that end of the yards in a .56 ft. subway, which has at present a 6 track crossing, but tle abutments are built for an additional when traffic conditions warrant. The main line from Toronto, and beyond these new terminals, is double tracked. The westerly entry to the terminals leaves the main line at Chadwick Ave., from which point into the yard ladders there are two leads 2,000 ft. long for arriving and departing trains. These will accommodate 55 car trains. The main part of the yard is double ended, and is divided into two sections— for arriving and departing trains, each with a capacity of 500 cars. The arriving yard is the southerly of the two, and extends from Jane St. to the easterly end. The outgoing yard extends the full length of the yards, from the Lambton Station. The combined yards have 20 tracks, located at 1" ft. centres. To the north of the east end of the yards there is a 12 track freight car repair yard with capacity for about 150 cars. It is airranged with two leads from the north side of the main yards, the central tracks having a car capacity of 22, with the outside tracks accommodating only three or four. Between every other pair of tracks there is a 2 ft. service track, connecting at the east end by turntables to a track running along behind the earth bumpers.



The wheel storage tracks are at the north end of this track, in the open space opposite Ryding Ave., where four sets of storage tracks are being installed. At the south end of the locomotive house there is a pneumatic jib crane over the service track for unloading the wheels from cars on the northerly of the car repair tracks oi. che track leading into the storage yard. This track is arranged for both standard and narrow gauge. On the track behind the bumpers there is a narrow gauge car, with a carriage top, on which the wheels are run for distribution throughout the yard. The car fore-man's office is in the building to the east of the repair track yard, and in the same building are housed the car stores and a small blacksmith shop of one forge. The front of the building is planked, and against the building are material bins for rough car stores. The car stores in the building are contained in 4 tiers of double bins. The building also contains an oil room, lunch room tor the men, lavatory and tool room. This yard is not intended for the handling of very heavy repairs, these being handled for the most part in the main shops at West Toronto. The average capacity is 100 pairs of wheels and 100 long sills per month. The yard is in charge of J. J. Bannon, Car Fore-man. The new locomotive house and motive power handling facilities form the main part of the new terminals. The locomotive house is built entirely of concrete, and has 30 stalls, the building being divided into three sections. It opens to the southwest, the entering tracks coming from the west, there being provision for the addition of a further 10 stall unit when required.



This locomo-tive house handles all the power formerly accommodated in the old buildhr.; adjoining the locomotive shops in West Toronto. In the centre there is an 80 ft. turntable, operated by an air motor tractor. The inner radius of the locomotive house is 96 ft., and the outer radius, 180 ft., giving a depth of So It. As mentioned, it is of concrete con-struction, with large window area in the outer wall. The roof is of 2 by 4 in. plank-ing, laid on edge, and covered with fireproof sheeting. It is supported on the walls and two intermediate circular rows of concrete columns. Over the forward end of each track there is a Johns-Manville asbestos smoke jack. Each locomotive house track has a 65 ft. concrete pit, with convexed bottom, sloping to the inner edge for drainage, a pit for this purpose and for the pipin.s; being located a; the forward end of the pits, passing around the building just inside the inner wall. The sides of each pit are planked with heavy planking for a width of 2 ft., the balance of the floor being of cinder construction, with the exception of the central section of 10 stalls, which is paved with concrete. The three pits at the shop end are drop pits, the first one for front truck wheels, and the next two for driving wheels. The inter-vening space between these pits at the shop end is floored with heavy planking, on which the wheels can be run from the wheeling tracks, and then into the machine shop. Alongside each smoke jack, at about 8 ft. centres, there is suspended a light trolley with a 6 ft. rod attached thereto, the tracks being about 36 ft. long. This length covers tlip locomotive forward of the cab, and is found most useful in the handling of the exterior locomotive fittings such as the bellstand, etc., without the necessity of slinging a block and tackle over a beam. A block and tackle is attached to the trolley to be used, and can be moved along the length of the locomotive at will. The trolley capacityis about 1.000 lbs , which is ample for the handling of such light fittings as would come under running repairs. Only light repairs. are handled here, the heavy ones being sent to the nearby locomotive shop in West Toronto.



The general lighting of the locomotive house is by clusters of three 32 c.p. Incan-descent lamps suspended from the roof neai each of the columns. These lights are con-trolled from a central switchboard panel in groups of 3 pits. In addition to this general lighting, there are incandescent lamp sockets around the walls, and In each pit there are two lamp cord connections. The indirect system of heating Is employed throughout the locomotive house byc onnections are 2 in., branching from 4 in. mains. Through these connections, tlie blow off water can be drawn off to the washout plant, where it is held in one conipartraent of the large tank, and is used over again tor washout purposes, one line being provided for this purpose. The third line is for filling the locomotive boiler with clear water at about 200 degrees. The temperature of the washout water is automatically regu-lated to 12.5 degrees for convenience of the men in handling. On every water column there is an air connection for blowing purposes, this con-nection coming up through the floor between every other pit from the front pipe pit, with a connection at the column where it come.s up. the connection continuing on up to the roof and across to the next water column. On every other water column there is a 2in. fire connection, with a 50 ft. length of hose carried in a glass fronted box on the column In addition to the foregoing special facilities, in the shop end of the locomotive house there is a small forge for general work, with iron rack adjoining. These are both located in the space between adjoining pits. Here are about 100 expanded metal lockers tor the employes in the building, ranged along the partition walls. The machine shop is contained in a 50 by 90 ft. addition to the west end of the loco-motive house. The south side of this build-ing is separated from the machine shop, and contains the offices tor the locomotive foreman and his staff, and a room for the men to register trips. This secllon of the machine shop bullding is only half the height of the shop. and over the offices, open to the machine shop, there is an air brake test department, and accommodation for the electricians.



The machine shop contains the following equipment: 16In. double punch and shear, small press, large press, 2 in. bolt machine. Heavy drlling machine, small drIlling machine, 26 inch shaper, 26 and 36 In. lathes,. Grindstone and double emery. The tool room for the shop Is in the V corner, adjoining the door Into the locomotive house. In the opposite corner is the power equipment room consisting of a small vertical high speed engine for shop drive, and a 16 by 16 by i» in. air compressor. The westerly section of the shop is divided off for the boiler room, containing three 120 h.p. locomotive boiler carrying 120 lbs. of steam. Outside the boiler room tliere is a 9.5 by 10 ft. stack the stack there is a standard C.P.R. air storage tank, with a similar one at the opposite end of the locomotive house tor supplying air to the freight car repair yards, which are piped tor air. The pressure carried is 100 lbs. To the west of the machine shop is the stores building, equipped In the usual manner with racks, etc., for the accommodation of the stock material, and a Bowser equip ment tor the oil, with storage tanks In the basement. The floor is on a level with that of a car, with a platform along two sides of the building tor unloading stores. At the east end of the platform there are stores bins for the rough supplies. The west end of the stores building is used by the locomotive department, a room in the southwest corner of the building containing racks for the enginemen's clothes and tool boxes adjoiniing room contains the enginemen's oil cans. etc. Both these rooms are in the charge of a attendent



This man duties also consist (?) in recording
departures, detentions, etc . a system in locating the cause of delays.


Along the west wall of the building there is a small room. for the ashpalt men, and In the northwest corner of the bulldlIng there is a room use as a general store room by the locomotive department. In which are kept winter stores out of season, out of season, pattens of buffer beam and other parts, curtains, and such material.

Charcoal Is employed for Lighting the fires and is contained In a frame building to the southeast of the stores building. The eastend of this building Is a window sash storing room, in which all the double window of the locomotive house are stored in summer, all the windows in the plant being provided with double storm sashes. The charcoal house portion, which comprises the westerly three quarters, is divided into two equal rooms, both of which have a storage capacity of about one carload of charcoal. The practice followed is to draw from the one room at a time, completely emptying It before commencing on the second. In this manner, better check Is kept on the material, and the charcoal is kept In a better form for use than if it were constantly being trampled over as In a single room store. To and from the locomotive house, there are 2 inbound and 4 outbound tracks, with four immediate tracks connecting with the turntable pit. For the handling of the ashes on the locomotives there are two Ord (proably old) ash handling plants of the type described in Canadian Railway and Marine World, Oct., 1911. Over each there are two tracks, with a blind track between for spotting ash cars.


The coal handling plant is of the C.P.R. standard type, consisting of a chain of buckets raising the coal from lower hoppers to hoppers over the service tracks. The plant is of 300 tons capacity, and has four chutes. Coal cars come into the plant up a ramp, which is continued 9 car lengths beyond the plant. A string of cars can thus be fed through the plant as required from the stub end without assistance from the yard crew, once the train of 10 cars is run up the ramp. Adjoining the coaling plant there is a sand storage bin, from which the sand is elevated into hoppers on the coal hopper frame for feeding into the locomotive.

Locomotive water is obtained from the city service, there being a 60,000 gal. tank on the grounds. Between each of the pairs of ashpit tracks, and between two of the coaling plant tracks, as well as on one of 'he tracks passing the tank, there are water pouts, so that a locomotive can be watered n any one of 7 tracks. On the St. Clair .Ave. side of the yards there is an old house, now used by the loco-motive department as a bunk house for the locomotive drivers and firemen. In the rear of the bunk house there is a well equipped kitchen where the men may cook meals, and the centre room is for dining. The from room of the house is fitted up for a reading room, with current railway technical literature, as well as books and general periodials. This room also contains a series of air brake charts that are handy for the men's reference. The upstairs section of the house has a chain of bedrooms, containing 12 beds. Below stairs is a register book for the men's calls.

The Locomotive Foreman of this new locomotive terminal is F. Ronaldson, to whom we are indebted for the data on which this article is based. CANADIAN RAILWAY AND MARINE WORLD. [November, 1913.

In the accompanying panoramic view of the mechanical terminals a locomotive is shown on the left dumping


 

Reflections by a West Toronto employee of the CPR

 

The Junction has the only area in the area to not have a candidates debate for the 2018 election, so here presented is a political piece from a resident of 1914.

 

The following is the true text, word for word as printed. Areas of subject matter include railroad and civic ideas.

 

Reflections on the European Crisis With Regard to Canadian Industries.

 

 

Bv H. R. Hamer. Assistant General Foreman. Locomolive Shops. C.P.R.. West Toronto.

Not very long ago, when Great Britain, in common with her allies, declared war on Germany, there were many pessimists in this country who predicted a complete cessation of industrial activities. The pessi-mist will point out that a great amount of short time prevails, but while admitting this statement to be true, the writer would reply that this state of affairs existed long before the outbreak of war. At the same time there is room for great improvement in the industries of this country, and it may be said without fear of con-tradiction, that with Germany excluded from our markets many products heretofore bought from Germany will be manufactured and sold in Canada. Indeed, the tendency (even before the spark which ignited the European conflagration was applied), was toward purchasing more of British. United States and domestic products. This is particularly true with reference to steel locomotive tires, machine tools, tool steel and railway supplies, etc.

The writer—to digress for a moment has endeavored, by direct questioning of men interested in mechanical production,to come at the reason as to why all of the steel locomotive tires are purchased outside of Canada, and was very much surprised to find that the knowledge of this subject was so limited. Surely there is enou,gh demand in Canada for this commodity to warrant the equipment of a plant to manufacture steel tires. Or if it should prove imprac-ticable to make this article in the Dominion,it would be more in keeping with an imperial spirit to open our doors wider to the exports of Great Britain. In the event of Britain not being able to supply the demand, then let us turn to the country with whom we recently celebrated the completion of one hundred years of peace, rather than pour our money into the coffers of a country, whose sole aim for over twenty years past appears to have been militarism. But to return to the main subject. Since the opening of hostilities the united pressof Canada has done much, through the individual papers' editorial columns, to calm the fears of the small manufacturers, and this, coupled with the national patriotic spirit, has conduced to steadying what other-wise -might have been an industrial panic.

Indeed, one may say, that, with the revival of trade, Canada will benefit, together with the United States, in view of the fact that a wider field of industry will be open to them. Many Canadian produce as are recognizing the fact, in common with their southern neighbors, that this is an opportunity, to be secured only by prompt actiin, and diligent application in commencing at once to build up in their respective countries those lines of industry which the German manufacturers previously monopolized. While pointing out the foregoing, the writer would say that a mushroom growth of trade is not to be expected immediately, for to carry on some of the different Industries new machinery must be built and operators trained to run it. As an instance of this, take the manufacture of toys. While admiring the quantity of work turned out in this direction by the German people (it may be stated that a large proportion of their toys are made by hand), it must be remembered that this work is carried on mostly by female and child labor, which tends to bring the cost of production to a very low figure. The large increase in cost which would attend such a venture in Can-ada would necessitate the finding of means whereby these toys could be manufactured by machinery. Hence the question of new machines. In passing, it will not be out of place to remark on the falling off in the number of immigrants to this country. This is bound to be affected by reason or certain boats of the different shipping companies being taken over by the Government of Great Britain, as a direct repult of the war, but the reader is asked to bear in mind, that with the number of unemployed at present in our cities a decrease in the number of people coming to this country to find positions is to be appreciated rather than otherwise.

In conclusion, the writer would say that, all things considered, Canadian Industries look out on a much brighter prospect today than was the case at the corresponding period of a year ago. Prominent business men and manufacturers have come to tha firing line, with their determination to make business, strengthened by the very fact that adverse conditions appeared to prevail.

With this spirit predominant, our eventual success Is assured, and it may be said with the utmost confidence that, with the return of normal conditions abroad, Canada will be one of the foremost competitors reach-ing out for foreign trade.

 

 

CANADIAN RAILWAY AND MARINE WORLD. [October, 1914.]

Saturday, October 20, 2018

CPR West Toronto Shops.

 

Crane for Mounting Axles in Lathe at West Toronto Shops. Canadian Pacific Railway.

The accompanying illustration shows a handy air crane used in the C.P.R. West Toronto passenger car shops—^H. R. Naylor. General Foreman—for lifting axles into the axle lathe for turning. Back of the lathe, against the shop wall, there is attached a jib crane, which has a clear swing over the lathe on the pipe support. On the horizontal arm of the jib there is a two wheel traveller, to the under side of which is attached horizontally an air cylinder. On the under side of the cylinder there are mounted, in bearings, two chain wheels, over which pass hoisting chains, the upper ends attached to a piston rod crosshead The outward movement of the piston rod. controlled from an air valve adjoining the chain wheels, raises the axle hook on the lower end of the chain, lifting the axle. The axle hook is of the type described some months ago in Canadian Railway and Marine World, as originating in the C.P.R. Angus shops.

 

January, 1914 CANADIAN RAILWAY AND MARINE WORLD

Junction City Music Hall Hallowed event Oct 31


Queens of Darkness


Come on out to Toronto's hottest Halloween Party featuring all Female Fronted Witchy Rock bands Emily Mac Music Angora SexsmithQueens & Kings & Halloween Costume Party!!!
8:15pm Sexsmith
9:15pm Emily Mac
10:15pm Angora
11:15pm Queens & Kings




















Junction City Music Hall

2907 Dundas St West, Toronto,




Friday, October 19, 2018

A 1919 ad for Mc Brides cycle.

The motorcycle retailer occupied

2797-2803 Dundas St. W., for decades providing not only what was considered the best motorcycle dealership in the city, but also the best bicycle store.

Gord Perks questioned over opposing new development reports opposing new development

Candidates for Ward 4 took part in an election debate Oct. 17 in Parkdale. - Rahul Gupta/Metroland 

Wednesday evening's final Ward 4 election debate in Parkdale touched upon issues both citywide and local, as candidates had the opportunity to answer questions directly from the voters on a range of topics including affordable housing, road safety and poverty.

The unique debate format organized by the Parkdale Residents Association saw the 10 candidates address questions and concerns directly from attendees assembled at 20 West Lodge for the debate, the last scheduled before Election Day Monday.

Incumbent councillor Gord Perks who has represented Parkdale since 2006 was squarely in the sights of challengers such as David Ginsberg, a small business owner who accused the leftwing councillor of dividing the local community in opposing new development.

“Too often Gord Perks has stood against things which built this city,” said Ginsberg, who promised a more collaborative approach between developers, the community and the city in deciding what and where to build. “Gord Perks has divided this community.”

Kalsang Dolma also had Perks in her sights, promising not to be “distracted by ideological battles at City Hall”, a seeming shot at the incumbent who's waged memorable battles with right-leaning councillors over his time in office.

For his part, Perks stayed above the fray focusing on his record of advocacy for more affordable housing, better road safety and championing public spaces like the Parkdale hub.

Perks also drew the evening's largest round of applause when he pledged his full support to a contentious 100 bed men's homeless shelter planned for 2299 Dundas Street West near the busy Bloor intersection. The issue came up twice during the near two hour session.

“If you're asking if I am in support (of the shelter) then yes, absolutely,” said Perks.

First time council candidate Valerie Grdisa touted 18 years as a frontline healthcare worker, treating some of Parkdale's most vulnerable residents.

On the subject of road safety Grdisa pledged to demand a city audit of conditions particularly along Lake Shore Boulevard.

“We need to understand where the near miss and fatality spots are,” said Grdisa.

Candidate Alex Perez, a Swansea resident, admitted he won't let his kids ride their bicycles on painted city bike lanes, calling cycling in Toronto an “extreme sport”.

Perez promised more investments for improving road safety.

EDITOR'S NOTE: This story has been updated from its original version to correct the name of one of the council candidates. Oct. 18, 2018.

Sweet Potato is hosting Pumpkin Fest at 108 Vine Ave Saturday October 27, 1-4pm

The Sweet Potato in the Junction is hosting Pumpkin Fest at 108 Vine Ave Saturday October 27, 1-4pm this year!

-Come carve a free pumpkin!
-Pick up (and decorate) a free teal pumpkin and Teal Pumpkin Project poster!
-Snack on New Moon Kitchen Spookies and Black River Apple Cider!
-Visit the photo booth!
-Make some cool fabric crafts with Snug as a Bug!
-Kids come in costume and trick or treat at participating local businesses (we will be handing out the maps!)

Apple Pie Contest! Sunday November 11th

Along  Dundas Street West from Bathurst to Grace Street is the community of Trinity Bellwoods, which many people of the Junctions have driven, TTC’d or biked though, or evened walked.  The neighborhood is full of architectural elements on Dundas St W. and off on the residential ways, well worth a visit.

The  Apple Pie Contest! Makes it all the more interesting.

For details click the read more button.

The Trinity Bellwoods BIA is hosting the second Do: Pie, an Apple Pie contest to raise money for the Women’s Own Withdrawal Management Centre. On Sunday November 11th, everyone is invited to bake an Apple Pie for the contest. The top three winners will be eligible to win a special prize from businesses in the area, as well as a cash prize. If you are not a baker but enjoy a good slice of Apple Pie, join us on Sunday November 11th from 2-4 pm at A-Game Café at 797 Dundas St West. We will be serving up pie at $5 a slice. At 3 pm we will be auctioning off the winning pies!

Last year, we had an 18 pies compete, raising over $700 for the Fort York Food Bank! The Apple Pie contest is open to anyone who wants to bake. There is a participation fee of $10 for the pie contest, which will be donated. Pies will be judged on appearance, crust, filling and overall taste. Registration is online on our website and Facebook page, as well as in person at the Pie Commission, 887 Dundas Street West, beginning October 15, 2018.

We have three fantastic judges on the panel. Our resident pie expert, Janelle Lucas, co-owner of The Pie Commission at 887 Dundas St West and Jennifer Emilson, the Instagram Influencer who displays her extraordinarily beautiful pies on social media via Instagram (@thelemonapron).

Death of Public School Trustee Geo.Downard 1890

The death of Public School Trustee Geo.Downard was learned on Tuesday in all circles in the city with general regret. The melancholy and sudden event was brought about by an attack of pneumonia. Mr. Downard had been ill for a week, having contracted a cold which gradually had more serious developments. Mr. Downard was known all over the city, but particularly in the west end, where he carried on an extensive grocery business. He was first elected to the Public School Board in 1885. He was a prominent member of the Orange organization, having occupied for the past year the position of District Master of West Toronto. He was also a prominent Mason,a member of St. George's Lodge and of the Royal Arcanum Home Circle and Sons of Ireland benefit societies. He was a highly respected and influential officer of the Board of the Euclid avenue Methodist church. Mr. Downard, who was born in the town of Clones, Monaghan, Ireland, was in his 38th year. He had been a prominent figure in public life in the city from his earlier manhood. Upon the annexation of Parkdale to Toronto he was appointed tax assessesor for the new ward, which position he continued to occupy up to the time of his death. He held the position of captain in the 12th York Rangers. He leaves a wife and six children, the former being a sister of Mr. J. J. Vaughan, chief constable of Brantford.

Thursday, October 18, 2018

The West Toronto Run, when Junction people cared about elections.

The cartoon if looked at carefully has several great West Toronto features.

In the General Election which followed the defeat of the Conservative Government, Mr. E. O. Bickford contested for West Toronto in the interest of the New Opposition, and rested his claims to the seat mainly on the prestige of Sir john Macdonald, declaring that, if elected, he would follow that honourable gentleman through weal. or woe. As the cartoon suggests, he met with defeat.

 

Cartoon consolidated Grip magazine cartoons 1873/74

 

How is Eglinton Crosstown being paid for?

Metrolinx is using the DESIGN-BUILD FINANCE-MAINTAIN (DBFM) finance methos where the construction and maitaining of the physical infrastructure is controlld by a private company which is financed by payments from the public owner to secure private debt financing. The private firms gain is profit and the maintaining of it’s business as a ongoing company.

The public owner runs the vehicles, equipment, and stations and all operational responsibilities.

Metrolinx has been utilizing the DBFM model for both the Eglinton Crosstown and Finch West LRT projects in Toronto.

November 1, 2018 Annette Public Library

1918: The Great War and the People of the Junction

Join us to hear an unmissable presentation from John Beram, local historian and our frequent guest.

John will share his research on World War I, his explorations of the battlefields of France, and the war's impact on the people of the Junction. 

November 1, 2018

Doors open at 6:30 p.m.

Presentation at 7:00 p.m.

The WTJHS business meeting will follow at 8:30 p.m.

Annette Public Library

Tuesday, October 16, 2018

event, Losing Life on Earth, Nov 14th 2018, Swansea Town Hall

Losing Life on Earth: How can we stop the loss of wildlife?

Wednesday, November 14, 7 pm.

Swansea Town Hall, 95 Lavinia Avenue, Rousseau Room


During our planet's 4.5 billion-year history, there have been five large species' extinction events.  Today in the Anthropocene (a new era shaped by humans) we are witnessing a sixth mass extinction. Globally, wildlife populations have declined by 58% since 1970. The things driving this unprecedented decline - habitat loss, climate change, pollution, and human use - are due to human activities, especially since the industrial revolution. It's up to us to turn things around.


Anchored by the shocking results revealed in the last World Wildlife Fund Living Planet Report and Living Planet Report Canada, (the best barometer of wildlife trends and index of human footprint), this evening presentation by Dr. Pete Ewins, WWFCanada Lead Specialist in Species Conservation, will focus on what these findings mean for  this and future generations, and what exactly WE must do NOW to reverse the decline of wildlife, starting in our own Toronto neighbourhoods.



Free admission. RSVP at http://green13-wwf-talk.eventbrite.ca


 

Sunday, October 14, 2018

Yonge St fire hall tower and scary facade structure placement

note the concrete weights just sitting on the yellow steel above the sidewalk, not bolted in place.

Picture of tower to be saved after read more button

Thursday, October 11, 2018

A general new book store in the Junction, a 1st within most people’s living memory.

The Junction long had second hand books stores as well a few stores that sell a limited amount of books with their other more central merchandise, now it has it’s 1st full stock book store. Type books has opened on the south east corner of Dundas St. W. And Maviety Ave.

The last time the Junction had a store like type was in the 70’s during the Hippie and alternative life style movement in the Junction, which lay primarily on the south side of Dundas St. W. From Keele St to Lucy Mc Cormack school.

 
image credit, Toronto Life, PHOTOGRAPHY BY SHANE FESTER

Saturday, October 6, 2018

He gave so much to BWV area.

About Alex from Tabia site


Alex Ling (Alexander Edward Ling) and his wife Helen moved to the Bloor West Village in Toronto in 1971. They thought they wouldn’t be so busy; however that was not the case. Alex became involved in the BIA right away. He was first elected as Chairperson in 1979 and worked very hard for the Bloor West Village BIA and the neighbourhood.

In the early 1980’s, with the help of City Hall, he started the Toronto Association of Business Improvement Areas (TABIA) to give support to all BIAs in the City of Toronto. Alex ate and slept the BIA philosophy. He loved the work and the challenge of the job. He was TABIA’s President for 19 years and in 2001 he finally engineered himself to Past President. In 2004 Alex became Chairman of the Bloor West Village BIA by promising to continue to help out, staying on as a board member.

 

Ward 4 election debates

Wed, October 10th at 7:30 PM
hosted by Bloor West Village Residents Association,
Where: Runnymede United Church
432 Runnymede Road

Thurs, October 11th at 7:30 PM
hosted by Swansea Area Residents Association
Where: Swansea Town Hall
95 Lavinia Avenue

Tues, October 16th at 7PM
Co-hosted by the Roncesvalles-Macdonell Residents Association, High Park Residents' Association and West Bend Community Association
Where: Roncesvalles United Church.
240 Roncesvalles Avenue

Wed, October 17th at 6:30 PM
hosted by Parkdale Residents Association
Where: Auditorium of May Robinson
20 West Lodge

Wednesday, October 3, 2018

Maria St Laneway cleanup, residents sweep and pickup clean.

MBW a resdent of Maria St posted in the Junction High Park BWV Community Group this image of the results of a laneway clean up on this past Saturday afternoon. The Maria St laneway in only has one on the south side as the north side of the street backs on to the CPR railroad, can get very messy with disguarded objects and dropped waste. With Maria St on the north and Dundas St on the south, the laneway gets not only the activity from the households but much greater activity on the south side from the backs of the businesses on Dundas St. W.

 

 

Monday, October 1, 2018

Sugar beach North on the quay nears completion.

Two more images after the read more, on the west side of Jarvis St. at the quay corner this new bit of sugar beach is being opened soon.

[caption id="attachment_1722" align="aligncenter" width="300"] Click for full size[/caption]

 

 

 

 

[caption id="attachment_1720" align="aligncenter" width="300"] Click for full size[/caption]

Nafta, will be named the “United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, get you guess who wanted that name?

Ms Freeland has managed a excellent outcome, while Mr Trudeau has given some fix to our weird dairy production rules, which weaken new innovation in our dairy industry.

Text of sections for creators, artists, writers in the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA)

--- Page 29 ---

this part deals with the creation of a Electronic Industrial Design System, it is followed by rights for music, artists and writers.

Oct 1, 2018 at 4:22 AM:
Article 20.G.3: Electronic Industrial Design System

Each Party shall provide:


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(a) a system for the electronic application for industrial design rights; and

(b) a publically available electronic information system, which shall include an online database of protected industrial designs.

Article 20.G.4: Term of Protection

Each Party shall provide a term of protection for industrial designs of at least 15 years from either: (a) the date of filing or (b) the date of grant or registration.

Section H: Copyright and Related Rights

Article 20.H.1: Definitions

For the purposes of Article 20.H.2 (Right of Reproduction) and Article 20.H.4 (Right of Distribution) through Article 20.H.13 (Collective Management), the following definitions apply with respect to performers and producers of phonograms:

broadcasting means the transmission by wireless means for public reception of sounds or of images and sounds or of the representations thereof; such transmission by satellite is also “broadcasting”; transmission of encrypted signals is “broadcasting” if the means for decrypting are provided to the public by the broadcasting organization or with its consent; “broadcasting” does not include transmission over computer networks or any transmissions where the time and place of reception may be individually chosen by members of the public;

communication to the public of a performance or a phonogram means the transmission to the public by any medium, other than by broadcasting, of sounds of a performance or the sounds or the representations of sounds fixed in a phonogram;

fixation means the embodiment of sounds, or of the representations thereof, from which they can be perceived, reproduced, or communicated through a device;

performers means actors, singers, musicians, dancers, and other persons who act, sing, deliver, declaim, play in, interpret, or otherwise perform literary or artistic works or expressions of folklore;

phonogram means the fixation of the sounds of a performance or of other sounds, or of a representation of sounds, other than in the form of a fixation incorporated in a cinematographic or other audio-visual work;


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producer of a phonogram means a person that takes the initiative and has the responsibility for the first fixation of the sounds of a performance or other sounds, or the representations of sounds; and

publication of a performance or phonogram means the offering of copies of the performance or the phonogram to the public, with the consent of the right holder, and provided that copies are offered to the public in reasonable quantity.

Article 20.H.2: Right of Reproduction

Each Party shall provide51 to authors, performers and producers of phonograms52 the exclusive right to authorize or prohibit all reproduction of their works, performances or phonograms in any manner or form, including in electronic form.

Article 20.H.3: Right of Communication to the Public

Without prejudice to Article 11(1)(ii), Article 11bis(1)(i) and (ii), Article 11ter(1)(ii), Article 14(1)(ii), and Article 14bis(1) of the Berne Convention, each Party shall provide to authors the exclusive right to authorize or prohibit the communication to the public of their works, by wire or wireless means, including the making available to the public of their works in such a way that members of the public may access these works from a place and at a time individually chosen by them.53

Article 20.H.4: Right of Distribution

Each Party shall provide to authors, performers and producers of phonograms the exclusive right to authorize or prohibit the making available to the public of the original and copies54 of their works, performances and phonograms through sale or other transfer of ownership.

51 For greater certainty, the Parties understand that it is a matter for each Party's law to prescribe that works, performances or phonograms in general or any specified categories of works, performances and phonograms are not protected by copyright or related rights unless the work, performance or phonogram has been fixed in some material form.

52 References to “authors, performers, and producers of phonograms” refer also to any of their successors in interest.

53 The Parties understand that the mere provision of physical facilities for enabling or making a communication does not in itself amount to communication within the meaning of this Chapter or the Berne Convention. The Parties further understand that nothing in this Article precludes a Party from applying Article 11bis(2) of the Berne Convention.

54 The expressions “copies” and “original and copies”, that are subject to the right of distribution in this Article, refer exclusively to fixed copies that can be put into circulation as tangible objects.


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Article 20.H.5: No Hierarchy

Each Party shall provide that in cases in which authorization is needed from both the author of a work embodied in a phonogram and a performer or producer that owns rights in the phonogram:

(a) the need for the authorization of the author does not cease to exist because the authorization of the performer or producer is also required; and

(b) the need for the authorization of the performer or producer does not cease to exist because the authorization of the author is also required.

Article 20.H.6: Related Rights

1. In addition to protection afforded to performers and producers of phonograms as “nationals” under Article 20.A.8 (National Treatment), each Party shall accord the rights provided for in this Chapter to performances or phonograms first published or first fixed55 in the territory of another Party.56 A performance or phonogram shall be considered first published in the territory of a Party if it is published in the territory of that Party within 30 days of its original publication.

2. Each Party shall provide to performers the exclusive right to authorize or prohibit:

(a) the broadcasting and communication to the public of their unfixed performances, unless the performance is already a broadcast performance; and

(b) the fixation of their unfixed performances.

3. (a) Each Party shall provide to performers and producers of phonograms the exclusive right to authorize or prohibit the broadcasting or any communication to the public of their performances or phonograms, by wire or wireless means57 and the making available to the public of those performances or phonograms in such a way that members of the public may access them from a place and at a time individually chosen by them.

55 For the purposes of this Article, fixation means the finalization of the master tape or its equivalent.

56 For greater certainty, consistent with Article 20.A.8 (National Treatment), each Party shall accord to performances and phonograms first published or first fixed in the territory of another Party treatment no less favorable than it accords to performances or phonograms first published or first fixed in its own territory.

57 For greater certainty, the obligation under this paragraph does not include broadcasting or communication to the public, by wire or wireless means, of the sounds or representations of sounds fixed in a phonogram that are incorporated in a cinematographic or other audio-visual work.


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(b) Notwithstanding subparagraph (a) and Article 20.H.9 (Limitations and Exceptions), the application of the right referred to in subparagraph (a) to analog transmissions and non-interactive free over-the-air broadcasts, and exceptions or limitations to this right for those activities, is a matter of each Party's law. 58

(c) Each party may adopt limitations to this right in respect of other noninteractive transmissions in accordance with Article 20.H.9.1 (Limitations and Exceptions), provided that the limitations do not prejudice the right of the performer or producer of phonograms to obtain equitable remuneration.

Article 20.H.7: Term of Protection for Copyright and Related Rights

Each Party shall provide that in cases in which the term of protection of a work, performance or phonogram is to be calculated:

(a) on the basis of the life of a natural person, the term shall be not less than the life of the author and 70 years after the author's death;59 and

(b) on a basis other than the life of a natural person, the term shall be:

(i) not less than 75 years from the end of the calendar year of the first authorized publication60 of the work, performance or phonogram; or

(ii) failing such authorized publication within 25 years from the creation of the work, performance or phonogram, not less than 70 years from the end of the calendar year of the creation of the work, performance or phonogram.

58 For the purposes of this subparagraph the Parties understand that a Party may provide for the retransmission of non-interactive, free over-the-air broadcasts, provided that these retransmissions are lawfully permitted by that Party's government communications authority; any entity engaging in these retransmissions complies with the relevant rules, orders or regulations of that authority; and these retransmissions do not include those delivered and accessed over the Internet. For greater certainty this footnote does not limit a Party's ability to avail itself of this subparagraph.

59 The Parties understand that if a Party provides its nationals a term of copyright protection that exceeds life of the author plus 70 years, nothing in this Article or Article 20.A.8 (National Treatment) shall preclude that Party from applying Article 7(8) of the Berne Convention with respect to the term in excess of the term provided in this subparagraph of protection for works of another Party.

60 For greater certainty, for the purposes of subparagraph (b), if a Party's law provides for the calculation of term from fixation rather than from the first authorized publication that Party may continue to calculate the term from fixation.


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Article 20.H.8: Application of Article 18 of the Berne Convention and Article 14.6 of the TRIPS Agreement

Each Party shall apply Article 18 of the Berne Convention and Article 14.6 of the TRIPS Agreement, mutatis mutandis, to works, performances and phonograms, and the rights in and protections afforded to that subject matter as required by this Section.

Article 20.H.9: Limitations and Exceptions

1. With respect to this Section, each Party shall confine limitations or exceptions to exclusive rights to certain special cases that do not conflict with a normal exploitation of the work, performance or phonogram, and do not unreasonably prejudice the legitimate interests of the right holder.

2. This Article does not reduce or extend the scope of applicability of the limitations and exceptions permitted by the TRIPS Agreement, the Berne Convention, the WCT or the WPPT.

Article 20.H.10: Contractual Transfers

Each Party shall provide that for copyright and related rights, any person acquiring or holding any economic right61 in a work, performance or phonogram:

(a) may freely and separately transfer that right by contract; and


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(b) by virtue of contract, including contracts of employment underlying the creation of works, performances or phonograms, shall be able to exercise that right in that person's own name and enjoy fully the benefits derived from that right.62

Article 20.H.11: Technological Protection Measures (TPMs)63

1. In order to provide adequate legal protection and effective legal remedies against the circumvention of effective technological measures that authors, performers, and producers of phonograms use in connection with the exercise of their rights and that restrict unauthorized acts in respect of their works, performances, and phonograms, each Party shall provide64 that any person who:

(a) knowingly, or having reasonable grounds to know65, circumvents without authority any effective technological measure that controls access to a protected work, performance, or phonogram66; or

(b) manufactures, imports, distributes, offers for sale or rental to the public, or otherwise provides devices, products, or components, or offers to the public or provides services, that:

(i) are promoted, advertised, or otherwise marketed by that person for the purpose of circumventing any effective technological measure,

62 Nothing in this Article affects a Party's ability to establish: (i) which specific contracts underlying the creation of works, performances or phonograms shall, in the absence of a written agreement, result in a transfer of economic rights by operation of law; and (ii) reasonable limits to protect the interests of the original right holders, taking into account the legitimate interests of the transferees.

63 Nothing in this Agreement requires a Party to restrict the importation or domestic sale of a device that does not render effective a technological measure the only purpose of which is to control market segmentation for legitimate physical copies of a cinematographic film, and is not otherwise a violation of its law.

64 A Party that, prior to the date of entry into force of this Agreement, maintains legal protections for technological protection measures consistent with Article 18.H.11.1, may maintain its current scope of limitations, exceptions, and regulations regarding circumvention.

65 For greater certainty, for the purposes of this subparagraph, a Party may provide that reasonable grounds to know may be demonstrated through reasonable evidence, taking into account the facts and circumstances surrounding the alleged illegal act.

66 For greater certainty, no Party is required to impose civil or criminal liability under this subparagraph for a person that circumvents any effective technological measure that protects any of the exclusive rights of copyright or related rights in a protected work, performance or phonogram, but does not control access to that work, performance or phonogram.


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20-36

(ii) have only a limited commercially significant purpose or use other than to circumvent any effective technological measure, or

(iii) are primarily designed, produced, or performed for the purpose of circumventing any effective technological measure,

shall be liable and subject to the remedies provided for in Article 20.J.4.18 (Civil and Administrative Procedures and Remedies).67

Each Party shall provide for criminal procedures and penalties to be applied when any person, other than a non-profit library, archive, educational institution, or public noncommercial broadcasting entity, is found to have engaged willfully and for the purposes of commercial advantage or private financial gain in any of the foregoing activities.

Such criminal procedures and penalties shall include the application to such activities listed in subparagraphs (a), (c), and (f) of Article 20.J.7.6 as applicable to infringements, mutatis mutandis.

2. In implementing paragraph 1, no Party shall be obligated to require that the design of, or the design and selection of parts and components for, a consumer electronics, telecommunications, or computing product provide for a response to any particular technological measure, so long as the product does not otherwise violate any measure implementing paragraph 1.

3. Each Party shall provide that a violation of a measure implementing this Article is a separate cause of action, independent of any infringement that might occur under the Party's law on copyright and related rights.

4. Each Party shall confine exceptions and limitations to measures implementing paragraph 1 to the following activities, which shall be applied to relevant measures in accordance with paragraph 568:

(a) noninfringing reverse engineering activities with regard to a lawfully obtained copy of a computer program, carried out in good faith with respect to particular elements of that computer program that have not been readily available to the person engaged in those activities, for the sole purpose of achieving interoperability of an independently created computer program with other programs;

(b) noninfringing good faith activities, carried out by an appropriately qualified researcher who has lawfully obtained a copy, unfixed performance, or display of

67 For greater certainty, no Party is required to impose liability under this Article and Article 20.H.12 (RMI) for actions taken by that Party or a third person acting with authorization or consent of the Party.

68 Any Party may request consultations with the other Parties to consider how to address, under paragraph 4, activities of a similar nature that a Party identifies after the date this Agreement enters into force.


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a work, performance, or phonogram and who has made a good faith effort to obtain authorization for such activities, to the extent necessary for the sole purpose of research consisting of identifying and analyzing flaws and vulnerabilities of technologies for scrambling and descrambling of information;

(c) the inclusion of a component or part for the sole purpose of preventing the access of minors to inappropriate online content in a technology, product, service, or device that itself is not prohibited under the measures implementing paragraph (1)(b);

(d) noninfringing good faith activities that are authorized by the owner of a computer, computer system, or computer network for the sole purpose of testing, investigating, or correcting the security of that computer, computer system, or computer network;

(e) noninfringing activities for the sole purpose of identifying and disabling a capability to carry out undisclosed collection or dissemination of personally identifying information reflecting the online activities of a natural person in a way that has no other effect on the ability of any person to gain access to any work;

(f) lawfully authorized activities carried out by government employees, agents, or contractors for the purpose of law enforcement, intelligence, essential security, or similar governmental purposes;

(g) access by a nonprofit library, archive, or educational institution to a work, performance, or phonogram not otherwise available to it, for the sole purpose of making acquisition decisions; and

(h) in addition, a Party may provide additional exceptions or limitations for noninfringing uses of a particular class of works, performances, or phonograms, when an actual or likely adverse impact on those noninfringing uses is demonstrated by substantial evidence in a legislative, regulatory or administrative proceeding in accordance with the Party's law.

5. The exceptions and limitations to measures implementing paragraph 1 for the activities set forth in paragraph 4 may only be applied as follows, and only to the extent that they do not impair the adequacy of legal protection or the effectiveness of legal remedies against the circumvention of effective technological measures under the Party's legal system:

(a) Measures implementing subparagraph (1)(a) may be subject to exceptions and limitations with respect to each activity set forth in paragraph (4).

(b) Measures implementing subparagraph (1)(b), as they apply to effective technological measures that control access to a work, performance, or phonogram, may be subject to exceptions and limitations with respect to


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activities set forth in subparagraph (4) (a), (b), (c), (d), and (f).

(c) Measures implementing paragraph (1)(b), as they apply to effective technological measures that protect any copyright or any rights related to copyright, may be subject to exceptions and limitations with respect to activities set forth in subparagraph (4)(a) and (f).

6. Effective technological measure means any technology, device, or component that, in the normal course of its operation, controls access to a protected work, performance, or phonogram, or protects any copyright or any rights related to copyright.69

Article 20.H.12: Rights Management Information (RMI)70

1. In order to provide adequate and effective legal remedies to protect RMI:

(a) each Party shall provide that any person that, without authority, and knowing, or having reasonable grounds to know, that it would induce, enable, facilitate or conceal an infringement of the copyright or related right of authors, performers or producers of phonograms:

(i) knowingly71 removes or alters any RMI;

(ii) knowingly distributes or imports for distribution RMI knowing that the RMI has been altered without authority;72 or

(iii) knowingly distributes, imports for distribution, broadcasts, communicates or makes available to the public copies of works, performances or phonograms, knowing that RMI has been removed or altered without authority,

is liable and subject to the remedies set out in Article 20.J.4 (Civil and Administrative Procedures and Remedies).

69 For greater certainty, a technological measure that can, in a usual case, be circumvented accidentally is not an “effective” technological measure.

70 A Party may comply with the obligations in this Article by providing legal protection only to electronic RMI.

71 For greater certainty, a Party may extend the protection afforded by this paragraph to circumstances in which a person engages without knowledge in the acts in sub-subparagraphs (i), (ii) and (iii), and to other related right holders.

72 A Party may also meet its obligation under this sub-subparagraph, if it provides effective protection for original compilations, provided that the acts described in this sub-subparagraph are treated as infringements of copyright in those original compilations.


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Each Party shall provide for criminal procedures and penalties to be applied if any person is found to have engaged willfully and for purposes of commercial advantage or financial gain in any of the above activities.

A Party may provide that the criminal procedures and penalties do not apply to a non-profit library, museum, archive, educational institution or public non-commercial broadcasting entity.73

2. For greater certainty, nothing prevents a Party from excluding from a measure that implements paragraph 1 a lawfully authorized activity that is carried out for the purpose of law enforcement, essential security interests or other related governmental purposes, such as the performance of a statutory function.

3. For greater certainty, nothing in this Article shall obligate a Party to require a right holder in a work, performance or phonogram to attach RMI to copies of the work, performance or phonogram, or to cause RMI to appear in connection with a communication of the work, performance or phonogram to the public.

4. RMI means:

(a) information that identifies a work, performance or phonogram, the author of the work, the performer of the performance or the producer of the phonogram; or the owner of any right in the work, performance or phonogram;

(b) information about the terms and conditions of the use of the work, performance or phonogram; or

(c) any numbers or codes that represent the information referred to in subparagraphs (a) and (b),

if any of these items is attached to a copy of the work, performance or phonogram or appears in connection with the communication or making available of a work, performance or phonogram to the public.

Article 20.H.13: Collective Management

The Parties recognize the important role of collective management societies for copyright and related rights in collecting and distributing royalties74 based on practices that are fair, efficient,

73 For greater certainty, a Party may treat a broadcasting entity established without a profit-making purpose under its law as a public non-commercial broadcasting entity.

74 For greater certainty, royalties may include equitable remuneration.


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transparent and accountable, which may include appropriate record keeping and reporting mechanisms.

Section I: Trade Secrets75, 76

In the course of ensuring effective protection against unfair competition as provided in Article 10bis of the Paris Convention, each Party shall ensure that persons have the legal means to prevent trade secrets lawfully in their control from being disclosed to, acquired by, or used by others (including state-owned enterprises) without their consent in a manner contrary to honest commercial practices.

Article 20.I.1: Civil Protection and Enforcement

In fulfilling its obligation under paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 39 of the TRIPS Agreement, each Party shall:

(a) provide civil judicial procedures77 for any person lawfully in control of a trade secret to prevent, and obtain redress for, the misappropriation of the trade secret by any other person; and

(b) not limit the duration of protection for a trade secret, so long as the conditions in Article 20.I.3 (Definitions) exist.

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